How could it happen that more than a dozen of the most prestigious scientific associations signed and submitted this letter on ‘climate change’ without having ensured that the used terminology is sufficiently defined. Read the rest of the entry
The UNFCCC does not define ‘climate’ at all, while
WMO says: 'climate' is average weather.
This website will provide information and ask, does science know what climate is?

Reference links :
How Spitsbergen Heats the World
NEW 2009


2010 - Talk About Topics

  Title   Date
  „Who Rules the Climate”? 

When it comes to the term CLIMATE, the friends of IPCC[1], as well as their foes, are singing the same song unanimously. While fighting a war of arguments how climate works, or may change, and what counter measures should be taken at many Billions costs, the global politics, and scientific community feel comfortable to talk about CLIMATE. Commonly it is said that ‘climate is the average weather’[2], without saying how ‘weather’ should be defined in the first place. As “climate means so many things to different people”[3], this website is dedicated in full to the climate & weather issue. As a matter of fact, the whole climate change debate is not based on sound terms. but on a wild guessing what CLIMATE may be. Even the relevant global Convention on Climate Change, 1992, (UNFCCC) has none[4].

„Nature, Not Human Activity, Rules the Climate” ?: Recently a group of about 30 well reputed scientists, headed by S. Fred Singer, took on to challenge the findings of the main stream supporters of CO2 induced global warming by their paper: „Nature, Not Human Activity, Rules the Climate“[5] criticizing the principal IPCC conclusion “that the reported warming (since 1979) is very likely caused by the human emission of greenhouse gases”. While the two camps of supporters and skeptics fight a fierce battle on ‘right and wrong’, they sail mutually through tricky waters without knowing what CLIMATE is. The Singer et al. work is a good example, as the paper’s title is grossly misleading, if not erroneous.

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  December 2010
  Warming of Science continues
at the UN Climate Change Conference in Cancun
COP 16, 29 November to 10 December 2010

The climate matter talks over more than 20 years is getting from bad to worst. At the World climate talks in Cancun/Mexico, from 03 to 10 December 2010, scientists proclaim that the peril is worse than ever, and stringent reductions are needed on carbon pollution within the next 40 years to prevent potentially catastrophic damage to the climate system. As they didn’t get a new Kyoto Protocol in Copenhagen, and not at Cancun, they now look for further commitments concerning the 2009 Copenhagen Accord’s promise to raise $100 billion (75 billion euros) a year for developing countries as of 20201. This proposal is back on the table. Science will get what they ask for; money, money, money, offering only highly questionable thesis on the functioning of the atmospheric system and the impact by human activities. This concern was already expressed almost two decades ago, in the:
Professional correspondence from
the Law of the Sea Institute
William S. Richardson School of Law,
University of Hawaii; U.S.A., 96822:
LIEDER (L.O.S. Lieder it 28, Vol. 5, January 1993)

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  December 2010

IPCC says that there are important differences between weather and climate. Is the claim serious science?

The last IPCC-Report 2007 claims that there are important differences between weather and climate , by saying that:
A common confusion between weather and climate arises when scientists are asked how they can predict climate 50 years from now when they cannot predict the weather a few weeks from now. The chaotic nature of weather makes it unpredictable beyond a few days.
   • Projecting changes in climate (i.e., long-term average weather) due to changes in atmospheric composition or other factors is a very different and much more manageable issue.
   • As an analogy, while it is impossible to predict the age at which any particular man will die, we can say with high confidence that the average age of death for men in industrialised countries is about 75.

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  July 2010

Definition presented in Hilo.

While the debate on the climatic change issue has reached unprecedented global prominence over the recent years, the content is often a fierce clash of opinions rather than a fruitful discussion. One reason could be the use of insufficiently defined terms in climatology.

The key term ‘climate’ is used by lay persons, politics, and science alike, while the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992) does not define the term at all. Instead the Convention defines ‘climate change’ and ‘climate system’, which does not necessarily mean that it makes the terminology more definite. This requires to look at the ordinary meaning as used since Ancient Greek and how science explains the terms nowadays, and whether it is done in a manner that avoids confusion, or misleading interpretation.

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  5th May 2010

Hot Topic (January 2010 in PDF, 12 pages):
"The term 'climate' in science.

ABSTRACT: Science is supposed to use with care words, terms, and definitions. We discuss the particular relevance of weather and climate related terms, which had been in the general public domain since time immemorial, and only more recently became part of a wider climate terminology in politics and science. In this respect, UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1992 (UNFCCC), is to name, which defines “climate change” and “climate system”, while it is silent on the words: weather and climate. We investigate the meaning of the relevant terms, and whether the stipulations are used sufficiently for this purpose. This requires looking at the ordinary meaning as used since Ancient Greek and how modern science explains the terms nowadays. And we must analyze if this explanation is given in a manner that avoids confusion, misleading interpretation, or time consuming explanations.

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  Jan 2010
Essay 2010
Is the term ‚climate’ too unspecific?
Pages 10

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Previous archives Year 2010
Year 2009

Essays from 1992 to 1997 on CLIMATE
by Dr. Arnd Bernaerts
“Legal Means for Understanding the Marine and climatic Change Issue”,
p.24 presented at the 28th Annual Conf. of the Law of the Sea Institute, Honolulu

“Conditions for the protection of the global climate”,
p.53 presented at GKSS Research Center Geesthacht


Black Sea-Model Case
--Paper, p.53
--Conf-Paper, p. 6


Four short texts
1994 Moscow

1994 LOS

1993 LOS

1992 Nature

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